Historical Sources

Without the great work of the historians (both ancient and contemporary!) who have written about the Thracians, as well as the archaeologists who have uncovered the exquisite Thracian artifacts, it would have been nearly impossible to bring the culture of ancient Thrace to life in a novel. The following is a list of sources used in writing the historical storyline of Cracking of the Mask.

Primary Sources

Against Aristocrates by Demosthenes
The Library of History by Diodorus Siculus
Ethnica by Stephanus of Byzantium
History by Ammianus Marcellinus
Anabasis by Xenophon
Histories by Herodotus
History of the Peloponnesian War by Thucydides
Geography by Strabo
Natural History by Pliny the Elder
 Inscription found in Athens recording a treaty and alliance in 357 BCE between Athens and the three Thracian kings Berisades, Amadokus, and Kersebleptes (IGII2 126).
Inscription found in the Acropolis in Athens recording an alliance for joint action against Philip II of Macedonia. The alliance was ratified in the summer of 356 BCE between Athens, King Ketriporis of Thrace, King Grabos of Illyria, and King Lyppeios of Paeonia (IGII2 127).

Secondary Sources

The Odrysian Kingdom of Thrace: Orpheus Unmasked by Zosia Archibald (Oxford, 1998)
The Gods of Battle: The Thracians at War, 1500 BC – 150 AD by Chris Webber (Pen & Sword Military, 2011)
Ancient Gold: The Wealth of the Thracians by Ivan Marazov (Harry N. Abrams, 1998)
A Companion to Ancient Thrace, edited by Julia Valeva, Emil Nankov, and Denver Graninger (Wiley, 2015)
The Thracians 700 BC – AD 46 by Chris Webber; illustrated by Angus McBride (Osprey, 2001)
The Thracian Temple in Starosel by Ivan Hristov, Dimitar Anastasov, and Angel Angelov (Unikart, 2008)
A Companion to Ancient Macedonia, edited by Joseph Roisman and Ian Worthington (Wiley, 2010)
• “Demos: Classical Athenian Democracy,” edited by Christopher Blackwell (The Stoa, 2003)
• Topostext.org (for geographical information)
• Assortment of academic papers on Academia.edu (a complete listing is coming soon!)

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Authors’ Note: Cracking of the Mask is a work of fiction. The ancient storyline was inspired by actual events from the 4th century BCE in Thrace. As fiction writers, we have used our imagination to “fill in some gaps,” as not many details are known about this time period and many open questions remain. We have interpreted historical figures and poorly attested events in a way that would fit the concept of “The Mask by Zenon McClow.” We only have the best of intentions in portraying ancient Thrace in a story but apologize for any shortcomings or faults in the narrative.

Gallery of Images